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What is Prototyping?

Prototyping is the process of creating a preliminary version or representation of a product, system, or interface to test and evaluate its design, functionality, and user experience. Prototypes can vary in fidelity, ranging from low-fidelity sketches or wireframes to high-fidelity interactive mockups or working prototypes.

Why is Prototyping important?

It allows designers and stakeholders to visualize, validate, and refine ideas before the final implementation. Prototyping helps identify design flaws, gather user feedback, and make informed decisions, ultimately improving the final product and reducing development risks and costs.

How to use Prototyping?

To create an effective prototype, follow these steps:

Define Objectives: Clearly outline the goals and objectives of the prototype. Identify what you want to validate, test, or communicate through the prototype.

Determine Fidelity: Decide on the level of fidelity based on your objectives and available resources. Low-fidelity prototypes (e.g., sketches, wireframes) are quick and easy to create, while high-fidelity prototypes (e.g., interactive mockups, functional prototypes) offer a more realistic experience.

Select Tools: Choose the appropriate tools for creating your prototype. This could include design software, prototyping tools, paper and pencil for low-fidelity sketches, or even coding for interactive prototypes.

Start with Key Features: Focus on the core features and functionalities that are critical to the user experience. Begin prototyping those elements first to test their usability and feasibility.

Iterate and Refine: Build the prototype iteratively, gradually adding details and refining as you progress. Continuously seek feedback, test with users, and incorporate improvements to enhance the prototype's effectiveness.

Test and Validate: Conduct user testing sessions to gather feedback on the prototype. Observe how users interact with it, listen to their feedback, and make necessary adjustments based on their insights.

Iterate Based on Feedback: Analyze the feedback received from user testing and iterate on the prototype accordingly. Make changes to address usability issues, enhance user flows, or incorporate user suggestions.

Collaborate and Communicate: Share the prototype with stakeholders, designers, and developers to gather their input and ensure everyone is aligned. Use the prototype as a communication tool to convey design ideas, gather feedback, and make collaborative decisions.

Document and Handoff: Document the key details and interactions of the prototype for future reference. If needed, prepare the prototype for handoff to developers, providing them with the necessary information and assets for implementation.

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About Akendi

Akendi is a human experience design firm, leveraging equal parts experience research and creative design excellence. We provide strategic insights and analysis about customer and user behaviour and combine this knowledge with inspired design. The results enable organizations to improve effectiveness, engage users and provide remarkable customer experiences to their audiences.